"World War I, German Army Groups, 1914-1919, The Western Front"

German Army Groups, 1914-1919,
The Western Front


Commanders of the German Army Groups, Numbered Armies and Named Armies, 1914-1919
A list of all German Army Group, numbered Army, and named Army commanders for the war followed by birth-death dates and the dates of a general's tenure of command. Many generals had several commands, thus if one comes across an officer whose name simply has the dates of the command, that officer likely held a previous army command and appears somewhere else on the list. Keep in mind his initial command may have been on another front or at a lower level. From, From, 'Führer des Kaiserl. Dt. Feldheeres im Ersten Weltkriege,' Deutsches Soldatenjahrbuch, 1968), 92ff.
Abbreviations:
GFM=Generalfeldmarschal (Field Marshal)
GO= Generaloberst (General)
GdI (or Kav or Art)= General der Infanterie (Kavallerie, Artillerie) Lieutenant General
GLT=Generalleutnant (Major General)
GM=General Major (Brigadier General)

ARMY GROUPS, WESTERN FRONT

Heeresgruppe Kronprinz Rupprecht v. Bayern: (Army Group Crown Prince Rupprecht von Bavaria)

GFM Kronprinz Rupprecht v. Bayern (18 May 1869 - 2 August 1955):

28 August 1916 - 21 November 1918.

GdInf Sixt v. Arnim (27 Nov 51-1 Oct 36), 29 November 18 - 2 January 1919.

Heeresgruppe Deutscher Kronprinz: (Army Group German Crown Prince)

GdInf Kronprinz Wilhelm, (6 May 1882 - 20 July 1951): 25 November 1916 - 11 Nov 1918.

GO v. Einem gen. v. Rothmaler (1 January 1953 - 7 April 1934): 12 November 1918 - 18 January 1919.

Heeresgruppe Herzog Albrecht v. Wuerttemberg: (Army Group Duke Albrecht of Wuerttemberg)

GFM Herzog Albrecht v. Wurttemberg (23 December 1865 - 29 October 1939): 25 February 1917 - 11 November 1919.


Heeresgruppe Gallwitz: (Army Group Gallwitz)

Gd Art v. Gallwitz (2 May 1852 - 18 April 1937), 27 January 1918 - 6 Dec 1918.


Heeresgruppe Boehn: (Army Group Boehn)

GO v. Boehn (16 August 1850 - 18 February 1921), 6 August 1918 - 31 October 1918.


NUMBERED ARMIES, WESTERN FRONT

1st Army

2d Army


3rd Army


4th Army


5th Army


6th Army


7th Army


11th Army


14th Army, Italian Front

GdInf Otto v. Below, 9 September 1917 - 22 January 1918.


18th Army

GdInf v. Hutier, 1 January 1918 - 14 January 1919.


19th Army



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Comments, corrections and suggestions are welcome:
      Richard Hacken (hacken @ byu.edu)
      or Jane Plotke (cd078 @ gwpda.org).

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Last Updated: March 18, 1996.